Everything you need for a trip to Georgia





LANGUAGE & ALPHABET

Georgian is a Kartvelian language spoken by Georgians. It is the official language of Georgia.

However, some subgroups speak other languages in the same linguistic group (Megrelian & Svanetian). Georgian is written in its own writing system, the Georgian script. There are just 14 independent alphabets in the world and Georgian is one of them. 

Georgian has been written in a variety of scripts over its history. Currently one, Mkhedruli (military), is almost completely dominant; the others are used mostly in religious documents and architecture. Mkhedruli has 33 letters in common use. The oldest uncontested example of Georgian writing is an Asomtavruli inscription from 430 AD.


In Mkhedruli, there is no case. Sometimes, however, a capital-like effect, called mtavruli ('title' or 'heading'), is achieved by modifying the letters so that their vertical sizes are identical and they rest on the baseline with no descenders. These capital-like letters are often used in page headings, chapter titles, monumental inscriptions, and the like. 

This is what Georgian alphabet looks like:  ა  გ  ე  ზ  ი  ლ  ნ  პ  რ  ტ  ფ  ღ  შ  ც  წ  ხ  


Fun Facts

- In Georgian word for mother is “deda” and father “mama” 

- And there also is a word for accidentally eating something - “Shemomechama”

- And also a single word for day after tomorrow - “zeg” and a next day - “mazeg”

- And also a words which sounds like this - “gvtsvrtvnis and “gvbrdghvnis”

- I love you is - “me shen mikhvarkhar” 

:)


By the way, here's what UNESCO has to say about Georgian alphabet: 

Living culture of three writing systems of the Georgian alphabet