Georgia is one of the most ecologically diverse countries in the world, with climatic zones ranging from subtropical to high alpine to semi-desert. The Greater Caucasus Mountain Range influencing Georgia’s climate, it protects the country from cold air masses from North.
The Lesser Caucasus Mountains partially protect the region from the influence of dry and hot air masses from South as well. An average temperature in summer ranges from 32 °C to 35 °C, and in winter – from 1.5 °C to 3 °C.
Georgia is also home to vast expanses of completely unspoiled wildernesses, including one of Europe’s largest national parks. Pristine wetlands and mountain aeries make this country a Mecca for bird watchers worldwide. Bears, lynxes and even leopards can be found in Georgia’s dense forests of Caucasian fir-the tallest trees in Europe.
Because of its high landscape diversity and low latitude, Georgia is home to about 5,601 species of animals, including 648 species of vertebrates (more than 1% of the species found worldwide) and many of these species are endemics.